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Brain stem cells and the biology of myelin repair, Professor Robin J.M. Franklin, MRC Cambridge Centre for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine.

Nov 09, 2009

Speaker: Professor Robin J.M. Franklin
MRC Cambridge Centre for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine
Title: "Brain stem cells and the biology of myelin repair"
Time: Monday, November 9, 2009, 12:00h (Coffee & Cookies at 11:45h) Location: FORTH Amphitheater


Remyelination, the process by which new myelin sheaths are restored to demyelinated axons, represents one of the most compelling examples of adult multipotent progenitor cells contributing to regeneration of the injured CNS. This process can occur with remarkable efficiency in both clinical disease, such as multiple sclerosis, and in experimental models, revealing an impressive ability of the adult CNS to repair itself. However, the inconsistency of remyelination in multiple sclerosis, and the loss of axonal integrity that results from its failure, makes enhancement of remyelination an important therapeutic objective. Identifying potential targets will depend on a detailed understanding of the cellular and molecular mechanisms of remyelination. This talk will review 1) the nature of the cell or cells that respond to demyelination and generate new oligodendrocytes, identifying current areas of uncertainty and addressing the role of adult CNS stem and progenitor cells, 2) intrinsic factors regulating precursor differentiation and 3) how an environment favourable to remyelination is generated, and will introduce the concept of a matrix of signalling events critical for the successful completion of remyelination.